الحمد لله معز أوليائه المؤمنين وقامع أعدائه من الکافرين والمشرکين والمنافقين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لاشريك له ولي المتقين، و أشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله إمام المجاهدين الصابرين، ومحبوب رب العالمين، بلغ الرسالة وأدى الأمانة ونصح الأمة وجاهد فى الله حتى ترکنا على البيضاء ليلها کنهارها، لا يزيغ عنها بعده إلا هالك، فصلوات الله وسلامه عليه ما تتابع الليل والنهار کفاء ما قدم وکفاء ما علم و بين أما بعد. فقد قال الله تعالى: إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَرْتَابُوا وَجَاهَدُوا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ، وقال تبارك وتعالى: فَمَا وَهَنُواْ لِمَا أَصَابَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ وَمَا ضَعُفُواْ وَمَا اسْتَكَانُواْ وَاللّهُ يُحِبُّ الصَّابِرِينَ. صدق الله مولانا العظيم.
The following lines are a short biography of the prominent personality who did not bow throughout his educational, political and Jihadi life against any of the arrogant, brutal and tyrant powers of the world nor did he quit armed struggle and resistance against them. He played a distinguished role based on his strong determination and firm belief in defeating and dissolving the former Soviet Union. As a true Afghan Muslim, he carved and left a brilliant chapter of Jihadi resistance, unprecedented sacrifices and everlasting heroic deeds for the future generations in the brilliant history of our beloved homeland, blending Islamic and Afghan heroism, chivalry and determination.
Al-Haj Moulavi Jaluddin Haqqani (may his soul rest in peace) was born on 1944 A.D. (1363 Hijri Lunar) in ‘Sarana’ village of ‘Vaza’ district in Paktia province to the noble family of Khawaja Mohammad Khan, an honorable member of the area. He belonged to ‘Sultan Khail’ branch of ‘Mezae’ clan of ‘Zadran’ tribe, a well-known and respected tribe throughout the country.
His learning and education:
He showed signs of deep love and interest in getting religious education from early childhood. He started learning the Holy Quran from his own respected mother at the early age of four. After completing the Holy Quran, he left his home to acquire further religious studies at the age of ten.
He started his early studies from a renowned scholar ‘Moulana Mohammad Qasim’ (may blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him). Since he showed great interest in studies and was bestowed with distinguishing faculties of learning, therefore, he was deeply loved and cherished by his teacher. During that time, he also visited and acquired knowledge from various other celebrated scholars in the famous madrassas of Zurmat, Shahi Kot (in Paktia province), Urgun, Zeroke (in Paktika province), Shilgar (in Ghazni province), Wardak province, and Ismail Khail area (of Khost province).
Due to his unique efficiency, the honorable Mulavi Jaluddin Haqqani (may his soul rest in peace) could easily choose and assume a brilliant and vivid objective for his future life by equipping himself with all necessary education for achieving that objective. Therefore, he continued his studies in different madrassas in ‘Said Karam’, ‘Thal’ and ‘Hangu’ areas of ‘Pakhtun Khawa’ from the well-known scholars of that time.
For higher Islamic studies, he came and took admission in the historic and famous madrassa of ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania’ known as the ‘second Deoband’ of this region. Here he took admission in the previous and final years of the master classes of ‘Hadith’ i.e. the sayings of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him).
The names of his prominent teachers in learning religious studies can be listed as following:
Moulana Mohammad Qasim
Moulavi Said Hasan
Moulavi Nadar Khan
Moulavi Zar Kaleem Khan
Moulavi Aseel Khan
Moulavi Abdul Wahhab
Moulavi Akhtar Jan
Moulavi Mohammad Ayyub
Moulavi Abdul Rahman
Moulavi Said Sultan Bacha
Moulavi Abdul Haleem
Moulavi Abdul Ghani
Mufti Mohammad Fareed
Moulavi Mohammad Ali
Moulavi Nasir Khan
Moulana Doctor (Ph. D.) Sher Ali Shah Madani
Moulana Abdul Haqq
(may their souls rest in peace)
Similarly, some very prominent scholars can be found among his pupils, who rendered unforgettable services for religion and religious studies. In the following, some well-known figures are listed as a handful out of a heap:
Shekh-ul-Hadith Moulana Iltaf-ur-Rahman of Bannu area
Moulan Guhar Shah (Shaikh-ul-Hadith of Dar-ul-Uloom Charsadda, and the former member of parliament in Pakistan)
Shaikh-ul-Hadith Moulana Ghulam Mohammad Sadiq
Professor Moulana Mohammad Shafea
Shaikh-ul-Hadith and Mufti Sultan Umar (a renowned teacher in madrassa Manba-ul-Uloom, belonging to Khost province)
As a teacher and guide:
The teaching and educating process of Al-Haj Moulavi Jalaluddin Haqqani strated from ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania’ situated in ‘Akora Khatak’. Though it was quite difficult for a newly graduated student to be appointed as a teacher in the same madrassa having a world prestige like ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania’, but it was due to Haqqani Sahib’s efficiency, piety, deep insight and some other characteristics which convinced the prestigious faculty of ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania’ especially ‘Moulana Abdul Haqq’ (may his soul rest in peace), the founder of this madrassa, to appoint him (Haqqani Sahib) as a member of the teaching faculty immediately following his graduation from the very same madrassa. In the first year as a teacher, he taught some basic but tough subjects of Arabic grammar, rhetoric and literature along with some other books. In the following year, it was planned by the administration to give him the assignment of teaching some subjects of higher classes.
His first trip to perform Hajj:
Though he was asked by the administration of ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania’ to stay there for further teaching, but due to the prevailing political, educational and other social conditions of his own homeland, he could not continue his services there and had to decline the position. Actually he had decided to consume his skills, abilities and energies in serving his own country and its pious but oppressed and deprived people. For this purpose, Haqqani Sahib first decided to perform Hajj, one of the five fundamental pillars of Islam, in the year 1393 Hijri Lunar (1973 A.D.). He undertook this pious journey by road and performed Hajj. There he met some of the prestigious and well-known religious scholars and dignitaries of the Muslim world including the famous scholars of Afghanistan. He held prolonged and inclusive discussions with them about the prevailing geo-political circumstances of the Muslim world, particularly the anti-religion propaganda which was threatening our own beloved homeland from the northern side.
His political struggle:
When Haqqani Sahib returned from Hajj, it was the ending era of monarchy and its replacement by a democratic system had already been announced. At that time, the detested ideologies of Communism and Marxism had crossed our borders and were rapidly spreading particularly in the young generation of our country. Therefore Haqqani Sahib held large public gatherings among all the small and big tribes of Paktia province to make them aware about the rapidly spreading menace of atheism and its inevitable vulgarities. In this process, he gained fully support from the famous religious scholars of the region. Most of those people who were influenced by the new anti-religion ideologies were convinced to renounce and repent their deeds.
Daud Khan’s coup d’état and the subsequent procedures:
On Tuesday 17th July 1973 A.D., Daud Khan overthrew the monarchy through a white coup and became the ruler. Some of the communist elements who had supported him were appointed on high posts in the government offices as well as other sectors. At that time, two movements had sprung up against Daud Khan. One of these movements belonged to Ulama (religious scholars) under the auspices and leadership of scholars and dignitaries of ‘Qala Jawad’, the most prominent center of religious education and spirituality (mysticism) in Afghanistan. The second movement was that of young students belonging to university and other educational institutions, called ‘The Islamic Nahza (i.e. reawakening or revival)’.
Therefore, on the permission and guidance of ‘Zia-ul-Mashaikh (may his soul rest in peace)’, (one of the most prominent religious and spiritual figure of our country), Al-Haj Moulavi Jalaluddin Haqqani and the following famous scholars of the south-eastern provinces started opposing the anti-religion policies of President Daud Khan and his communist supporters.
Moulavi Nasrullah Mansoor
Moulavi Ahmad Gul
Moulavi Aziz Khan
Moulavi Mohammad Hasan
The above mentioned scholars and their followers started practical struggle in larger Paktia, Kabul and multiple other provinces. At that time, Moulavi Jaluddin Haqqani was teaching in ‘Madrassa Rahmania’ built by Moulavi Ahmad Gul and situated in ‘Nakka’ district of Paktia province; while his other colleague Moulavi Fathullah Haqqani was teaching in ‘Madrassa Habibiyya’ of ‘Turi Khail’ area. Haqqani Sahib launched his move against the communists and atheists elements of regime by keeping ‘Madrassa Habibiyya’ as the key center for his activities. Including various other Mujahidin, the following notable figures of the then Jihadi movement usually came to this place for consultation and further planning:
Moulavi Nizamuddin Haqqani
Moulavi Nasrullah Mansoor
Moulavi Ahmad Gul
Mohammad Ibrahim Haqqani
The communist circles inside Daud Khan’s regime wanted to eliminate (assassinate) Moulavi Jalaludin Haqqani including some other leading Islamic figures therefore 500 gendarmes (policemen) raided the house of Moulavi Jalaluddin Haqqani to arrest him and his colleagues. But he and his brothers Mohammad Ibrahim Haqqani, Mohammad Ismael Zabih and Khalil-ur-Rahman Haqqani successfully managed to leave the house safe and sound.
Due to these issues and difficulties, Haqqani Sahib left for ‘Garobi mountain’ (another safe area in Pakita province) along with his family members and started living there. After some weeks, the regime came to know about his new location and prepared a military unit including some forced tribal people to detain or eliminate Haqqani Sahib. He tried his best to avoid this confrontation by using all possible and prevailing means, but could not succeed. Some skirmishes did take place but when the area was besieged for more than fifteen days, Haqqani Sahib was left with no other option but to leave this safe and mountainous abode along with his other family members.
The same scenario was repeated with Shaheed Nasrullah Mansoor (may his soul rest in peace), another prominent scholar and Jihadi leader, in ‘Shahi Kot’ area of ‘Zurmat’ district. The prevailing conditions were made so tough and tiring for them that all movements were made impossible both on plain and mountainous areas. Hence both Haqqani Sahib from ‘Garobi’ area and Shaheed Mansoor Sahib from ‘Shahi Kot’ area decided to migrate along with several other notable scholars and sincere students. After a long and tiring journey, they reached their well-acquainted area of ‘Datta Khail’ in North Waziristan and then to ‘Miran Shah’.
The communist coup d’état of Thour (April 1978):
Haqqani Sahib had established contact with various influential Ulama, tribal chieftains and other sincere Muslim youth to halt the spread of communist ideology. On the 27th of April 1978, Daud Khan’s regime was overthrown in a bloody coup planned and executed by the communist factions of ‘Khalq’ and ‘Parcham’. When succeeded, they started the indiscriminate killing and incarceration of religious scholars, tribal chieftains, Muslim and sincere military and civil officials and other activists.
As Haqqani Sahib was already prepared for armed struggle and Jihad through recruitment of thousands of other Mujahidin, therefore, he successfully attacked ‘Zairoke’ district in his area on the very sixth day of the red coup. It was from there that an organized Jihadi resistance was launched. On the fourth day of the first victory, ‘Vaza’ district of Paktia province was also successfully captured by his courageous Mujahidin.
For the continuation of this organized armed Jihad, a number of Jihadi groups or parties came into existence in Peshawar. Haqqani Sahib was deeply against the formation of multiple groups and tried his utmost for the unity of Mujahidin and was successful to some extent. But eventually the groups were formed and he joined the ‘Islamic Hizb’ party headed by the famous Jihadi leader ‘Moulavi Mohammad Younus Khalis’ (may his soul rest in peace), as a prominent commander and the deputy head of the party.
Besides various other Jihadi activities, he practically participated in numerous testing battles and was seriously wounded five times. Due to his deep and everlasting interest and enthusiasm in practical Jihadi struggle, he left the responsibility of deputy leadership and played a key and historic role in organizing and executing the war plans of Mujahidin. He once mentioned that he had commanded round about five hundred battles and inflicted heavy casualties and huge financial losses on the enemy in most of these battles.
Since Haqqani Sahib was educationally, politically and militarily a brilliant and prominent figure therefore the enemy tried tooth and nail to pressurize him both mentally and physically. In this connection, he was once handed a death penalty in his absence during the era of President Daud Khan, and twice during the notorious reign of communist regime along with several other renowned religious scholars and Jihadi commanders. But by the grace of Almighty Allah, in all these cases the enemy failed to implement any of their unlawful decisions.
His military and Jihadi services:
For a well-organized Jihad, Haqqani Sahib primarily formed and activated small groups and fronts of Mujahidin in Paktia province. But this process was not confined only to Paktia province; rather it was extended to the adjacent Ghazni, Logar and Maidan Wardak provinces too. In this way, he was appointed as the general commander for southern Jihadi fronts. With the passage of time, five well-organized regiments were formed in Paktia province for more effective discipline, supply and operation of Mujahidin. At the same time, one educational institution was established for the better training of Mujahidin. The names of these regiments are as following:
The regiment of Salman Farsi (may Allah be pleased with him)
The regiment of Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
The armored regiment (of Shaheed Salman Shah)
The regiment of Abu Jandal (may Allah be pleased with him)
The Baghar regiment and
The military college (university) of Abdullah-ibn-Mubarak
The above regiments were assigned the duties of attacks, supply and defending the newly conquered places, while inside the military institution (university), sincere, skillful and highly efficient military officers were appointed for the mental and physical training of the young generation of Mujahidin to safeguard the Jihadi achievements and successes.
In the following lines, some of the major conquests under the command of Haqqani Sahib are mentioned:
The demolition of huge ‘Rishkhore’ military force in ‘Said Khail’ area
The conquest of ‘Tameer’ district in Paktia province
The huge and bloody battle of ‘Zawara’ Jihadi center
The prolonged and victorious battle of ‘Satto’ gorge
The historic battle prior to the conquest of ‘Gardez’ city, the center of Paktia province
The historic conquest of ‘Khost’ province, in which huge financial losses and casualties were inflicted on the then communist regime forces.
In this battle, the deputy head of defense, the deputy head of the state, low and high ranking military commanders and thousands of other stooge forces were killed, wounded and arrested, which in turn gave a high Jihadi morale and enthusiasm to all Mujahidin throughout the country.
His unforgettable public services:
In the field of education and learning:
- Besides the military training centers, Al-Haj Moulavi Jalaluddin Haqqani had built nearly one hundred and forty educational institutions including madrassas, primary and middle schools and two higher secondary schools in north and south Waziristan, Kohat district, Kuram agency and Paktia province for properly and efficiently educating the offspring of Afghan Mujahid people in their abode of migration. A separate organ was established to monitor and administer these educational institutions. Some of these institutions were as following:
Jamia Manba-ul-Uloom Miran-Shah
Manba-ul-Jihad and Noor-ul-Quran in Khost province
A madrassa in Matta-Chena
Anjuman-ul-Quran Lyceum (equal to higher secondary school) in Miran-Shah
- After the liberation of our beloved homeland, an agreement was signed by him with the Unite Arab Emirates for the construction of a university in Khost province but after the illegitimate American invasion of our country, this university was built under the name of ‘Shekh Zaid University’.
- It is worth-mentioning that Haqqani Sahib built two orphanages in Bannu district and inside Khost province for nursing and educating the orphans of those courageous Mujahidin who had lost their precious lives for the independence of their country. Besides training and education, all other facilities of a normal life were available and provided to the orphans in these centers.
In the field of reconstruction:
- He built one hundred mosques in various tent villages and larger Paktia province. Some of them are mentioned in the following:
The main central mosque in Khost capital
The central mosque of ‘Mohammad (peace be upon of him)’ in Miran-Shah, the center of North Waziristan
The central mosque of ‘Matta-Chena’ area
The ‘Khawaja Mohammad’ mosque inside the Ministry of Frontier Affairs
- Many public roads spanning the length of tens of kilometers were built under the direction of Haqqani Sahib. Some of these roads are as following:
The road from ‘Gulam Khan’ to ‘Bori Khail’ area of ‘Gurbaz’ district
From ‘Zawara’ area to ‘Lezi Kholi’ area
From ‘Garda Cheri’ area to ‘Fakhari’ area
From ‘Fakhari’ area to ‘Zurmat’ district
- In Health sector:
To properly treat Mujahidin injured in the battle fields and to look after other ordinary patients, a sophisticated and well-equipped central hospital and several other mobile clinics were built in various areas of tent villages. First aid services were also provided to Mujahidin inside the country. Besides the central hospital in Miran Shah, ambulance services were provided in various other mobile clinics in the front lines so that maximum Mujahidin lives could be saved.
- In cultural and publication sector:
- Manba-ul-Jihad magazine was published containing articles in Pashto, Dari, and Arabic languages
- Nusrat-ul-Jihad magazine in Urdu language was published
- ‘Da Jihad Hindara’ (i.e. the mirror of Jihad) weekly was published in Pashto and Dari languages
A number of Jihadi, educational, reformative and literary books were published
- ‘Da Mujahid Ghag’ (i.e. the voice of Mujahid) had three main transmission centers in which news, political, literary, informative, religious and other Jihadi programs were broadcasted regularly for four hours in the morning and in the evening.
- The construction of a well-equipped and sophisticated Jihadi museum in ‘Zawara’ area, where all monuments of Jihad could be preserved for future generations of the country.
- Establishing liaison offices in Peshawar, Islamabad, Abu Dabi, Dobai, Al-Aain, Sharja, Jedda, Riyadh and the holy city of Makka for the convenience of Mujahidin and Muhajirin (i.e. the immigrants).
- Having permanent residences in Peshawar for ease and comfort of Mujahidin, Muhajirin, orphans and disabled people.
- Provision of a specific amount of cash on a monthly basis to orphans and widows of Mujahidin who were martyred in Jihad, through a separate and permanent organ.
- Provision of every possible assistance to the needy and helpless families of Mujahidin and Muhajirin (i.e. the immigrants).
The general Shura (council) of Jihadi commanders:
When Jihadi fronts and groups were formed by various Mujahidin leaders in all provinces of the country against the then Soviet Union and its puppet communist regime, simultaneously some internal differences also erupted in various parts of the country, even resulting in armed clashes between commanders in some areas. At that time, Haqqani Sahib tried to bring all the Jihadi commanders together under the cover of ‘General Shura (council) of Commanders’ for the sole purpose of unity and integration. In this way their internal differences and rivalries were controlled, their Jihadi operations were coordinated, the country was saved from disintegration and a powerful unified force was established for defending the sovereignty of the country.
The first meeting in this connection was convened on 17th May 1990 in the above mentioned ‘Hazrat Umar Farooq regiment’ inside Khost province. The second meeting was arranged on 23rd June 1990 in ‘Shah Saleem’ area inside Badakhshan province. The third meeting was summoned on 28th January 1992, again in ‘Umar Farooq regiment’ of Khost province. Nearly five hundred and fifty leading Jihadi commanders participated in this gathering from all parts of our beloved homeland. Consequently, Jihadi operations were expanded and organized throughout Afghanistan by making them as effective as possible. The historic conquest of Khost province and Wakhan district in north can be mentioned as the outcome of this gathering and unification. We must mention that under the auspices of this council, the level of internal differences and rivalries were reduced to a large extent.
Interim set up:
Just like his numerous achievements and successes on various Jihadi fronts inside the country, Haqqani Sahib had also played a key and significant political role in the formation of the interim government on 10th February 1989 in ‘Madinat-ul-Hujjaj’ (i.e. the pilgrim’s city) in Rawalpindi city. Deep and lengthy discussions full of arguments and disagreements were held for nearly an entire week but no outcome was imminent. Eventually Haqqani Sahib was given authority by all Jihadi groups to decide and form the interim setup due to his status of a leading, pious and sincere Jihadi figure. Through his sincerity and statesmanship, Haqqani Sahib easily formed and announced the whole setup of the interim government in a considerably short period of time. The astonishing point was that even though he was one of the most powerful and prominent Jihadi commanders, he did not allocate any major post or seat, neither for himself nor for his colleagues.
The internal fighting:
On 28th April 1992, eventually Mujahidin succeeded in their Jihadi struggle and an Islamic state was formed inside Afghanistan. Haqqani Sahib was appointed as Justice Minister in that government. But he did not take any interest in this prestigious post due to the severe internal differences and enmities among various Mujahidin faction and the presence of a large number of key figures of the previous communist regime in significant and crucial posts and organs of the so called Islamic Republic.
It should be mentioned that the rivalries between ‘Hizb’ and ‘Jamiat’ Jihadi groups and ‘Wahdat-i-Islami’ and ‘Ittihad-i-Islami’ groups had turned into armed conflicts in which thousands of innocent civilians of Kabul were killed and wounded and vast areas of the capital city were ruined. Haqqani Sahib left no stone unturned to stop this calamity by ending that illegitimate and non-Islamic internal fighting and by playing the role of a true, sincere and impartial figure among the warring factions. At that time, he convened several meetings among them by frequently visiting all the warring sides despite the severe hazardous and tough conditions. In this endeavor, Haqqani Sahib was brought under serious and fatal attacks by some vicious circles but he remained safe and sound by the grace of Almighty Allah.
It is worth reminding that Mujahidin became victims of eastern and western conspiracies, as on one side, the warring factions were hungry for power and on the other side, the eastern and western agents had skillfully succeeded in achieving their malicious objectives.
Unification with the Islamic Movement of Taliban:
Due to sever internal differences between various factions of Mujahidin and other warlords, Haqqani Sahib’s long and deep aspirations for peace, stability, reconstruction of the country and the establishment of an Islamic system of life could not be fulfilled. Law and order was deteriorating with the passage of each day resulting in complete anarchy in almost all parts of the country. This situation continued for several years.
Eventually in 1994, the Islamic movement of Taliban was born under the prestigious leadership of late Mullah Mohammad Umar Mujahid (may his soul rest in peace) in ‘Maiwand’ district of Kandahar province. This movement took effective and decisive steps against all major and minor devious armed groups and other notorious warlords in the region. In fact this was the very desire of Haqqani Sahib which was nourished by him for long.
To understand the true objectives of this movement, Haqqani Sahib appointed a delegation of young scholars by providing them all kind of financial support. The purpose of this delegation was to get all necessary and authentic information and facts about this newly started movement. On the other side, some vicious circles in Paktia and Khost provinces were eagerly working to create cleavages between Haqqani Sahib and Taliban through misunderstanding and false information. When Taliban reached Paktia province, one of their prominent leader ‘Moulavi Ihsanullah Ihsan’ (may his soul rest in peace) met Haqqani Sahib in ‘Garda Cherai’ area. After exchanging views between the two sides, it was obvious that the objectives of Haqqani Sahib and Taliban were one and the same. In this way all efforts of the vicious circles went in-vain.
It is worth-mentioning that according the prevailing tribal customs and traditions of larger Paktia province, a number of points were agreed upon between Haqqani Sahib and Taliban. He gave full assurance on his behalf and invited the Islamic Movement of Taliban to Khost province. It was a historic moment when the large convoys of Taliban’s Islamic Movement were warmly welcomed from Paktia province to Khost province. It is interesting that a model system quite parallel with the objectives of Taliban was already setup under the supervision of Haqqani Sahib in Khost province. Particularly, all the security matters were handed over to the Taliban of Khost province headed by Moulavi Abdul Hakeem Sharee’. Without any delay, Haqqani Sahib handed over the whole setup to the Islamic movement of Taliban, in addition to all military equipment, ammunition and vehicles etc.
The most interesting point was that he gird up his loin along with all his sincere Mujahidin to give all kind of sacrifices for the advancement of Taliban. He accelerated his military activities for this purpose with full and indubitable sincerity and devotion. Since Taliban were in desperate need of man power, Haqqani Sahib, by taking advantage of his deep influence among the local masses, provided thousands of fresh and new Mujahidin for the Islamic movement of Taliban. During the reign of the Islamic Emirate, the capital city was twice saved from collapse in the years 1996 and 1997; once from the huge attack of the northern alliance and second from the collective assault of Hazara groups. Haqqani Sahib had once said in a high level meeting that the collapse of a government comprising of scholars and Taliban is intolerable for him.
Due to his unique nature and piety, Haqqani Sahib was never interested in achieving any posts and power, but still he was appointed as the Minister of Frontiers and Tribal Affairs by a special decree of late Amir-ul-Mominin Mullah Mohammad Umar Mujahid (may his soul rest in peace). Haqqani Sahib assumed this post by showing great respect for the Amir-ul-Mominin, besides discharging his other Jihadi responsibilities without any interruption, thus preserving the integrity and security of our beloved homeland.
His foreign visits:
First of all we should say that Haqqani Sahib paid no visit to any infidel country rather he frequently visited Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Sudan, Bahrain, Libya, Yamen, Egypt, Iraq and Kuwait. Most of his visits were to Saudi Arabia, including thirty of his Hajj journeys. In all his foreign visits, Haqqni Sahib used to meet the prominent scholars and other dignitaries of different Islamic countries, by convincing them to invite the sincere and freedom loving Muslim masses of the world to come forward for physical and financial participation in Jihad. Thousands of Muslims accepted his invitation and came here to support Mujahidin against the former Soviet Union both physically and financially. They fought inside Afghanistan with great bravery and enthusiasm under the command of Haqqani Sahib and various other Jihadi leaders.
He held important and constructive discussions with scholars, preachers, political leaders and various other analysts of the Muslim world regarding the prevailing circumstances in Afghanistan and other Islamic countries, mainly about the independence and sovereignty of Muslim masses of the respective areas.
Haqqani Sahib, his family and his successor ‘Khalifa Sirajuddin Haqqani’ (may Allah safeguard him) are lucky enough that on several occasions during their Hajj journeys, they were allowed to go inside the Holy Kaaba, due to the great respect of Saudi royal family for all of them.
His creed and ideology:
As far as his beliefs are concerned, Haqqani Sahib belonged to the main stream of ‘Ahli Sunna wal Jamaat’ by following the Hanafi thought of jurisprudence. He was the follower of ‘Deoband’ line of thought. In mysticism, he was the follower of ‘Zia-ul-Mashikh Sahib’ of ‘Qala Jawad’ in Kabul in ‘Naqshbandia’ line of spirituality. He was strongly against all factional, lingual, and ethnic differences and rivalries among Muslims. He had a deep longing for the unification of the Muslim masses of the world. He advised the people to follow the clear and unmistakable path of the early pious people in the light of the Holy Quran and the sayings of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him).
His unique characteristics:
Mujahidin of all groups were totally equal for him in the field of Jihad. If Mujahidin of other factions were in need for anything, he never hesitated in fulfilling their requirements by providing them any possible assistance. He was always generous to his Mujahidin by supplying them more than their demands, if he had the possibilities on time.
He had deep love and respect for religious scholars, students and other people, particularly for the disabled ones, by fulfilling all their needs and requirements. He left no stone unturned for getting aid for orphans, widows and other needy people.
He was always vigilant about his piety and sincerity. He was brave, courageous and steadfast in the battlefields. He was very careful about ‘Bait-ul-Mall’ (i.e. the common treasury of Muslim people). He was quite humble and simple in his dealing with common people. He used to forgive his personal opponents and rivals. He was deeply merciful to the orphans, widows and other helpless people. He had a unique and deep insight in religious and political matters. Taking bold and rational decisions in the times of chaos was among the most distinctive characteristics of Haqqani Sahib.
His choices in private life:
In his private life, he was very fond of reading books and permanently used to keep some books along with him wherever he would go. Inside Jihadi battlefields, he usually liked brownish clothes with a similar color of cap but in ordinary life, he used to wear white clothes with white and sometimes black turban. Honey, porridge and maze bread with curd were his favorite diets.
His routine life:
He was a model in his everyday life by eagerly following the lives of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his pious companions (may Allah be pleased with all of them).
In the morning:
By spending a major part of his night in remembering Almighty Allah, when he woke up in the morning, he used to perform his first prayers in congregation. Then he used to recite a part of the Holy Quran. After that, he used to complete his ‘masnoon azkar’ (special words and sentences being recited on various occasions and reported from the Holy Prophet peace be upon him). He used to recite ‘Sura Yaseen’ and ‘Sura Fath’ in the beginning of the day. As known from his daily life, he used to finish the Holy Quran once in a fortnight.
After tea and breakfast, he used to start solving the issues of Mujahidin and other Muslim people. At 10’o clock in the noon, he used to perform the prayers of Zuha or Chast (a non-compulsory prayer). Then for two more hours he used to remain in the service of ordinary masses. In case of solving all issues of Mujahidin and other people for that day, he used to take lunch before noon, otherwise he would delay it till after the Zuhr prayer.
Before the Zuhr prayer, he used to take siesta for at least ten to thirty minutes. After calling for the prayers, he used to offer prayers in congregation. Had he taken the lunch before Zuhr prayers, he used to serve the people till the Asr prayer.
After offering the Asr prayer, he sometimes used to narrate sayings of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) or recite the Holy Quran.
After offering the second last prayer of the day, he used to perform ‘Awwabin prayers’ (a non-compulsory prayer). Then he used to complete his ‘masnoon azkar’. After having dinner, he used to prepare himself for the last prayer of the day. Before going to sleep, he used to recite ‘Sura Waqia’ and ‘Sura Mulk’. Whenever embarking on a journey, he used to perform two rakat non-compulsory prayers and the same was repeated after returning from the journey.
During the retreat of the Islamic Emirate:
After the incident of 9/11 in 2001, the United States and her allied forces decided to invade Afghanistan. It was then repeatedly asked by the leadership of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan that all documents and proofs of Usama’s involvement in the above incident should be handed over to them, or he could be trialed somewhere else in a third country. The Islamic Emirate constantly demanded that peaceful negotiations should be held for resolving differences between America and the Islamic Emirate. Since the main objective of America was the demolition of an Islamic system inside Afghanistan and the establishment of a stooge setup for their permanent presence in the region, therefore, they adhered themselves to the lame excuse of Usama.
As the United Nations is fully committed to the vested American interests, therefore, the Security Council unilaterally took a cruel decision against its own manifesto regarding the illegitimate and brutal invasion of Afghanistan by a crusade coalition under the leadership of America. And for the achievement of above malicious aims, the savage American military invasion was launched on 7th October 2001.
This brutal invasion continued for nearly forty five days in which all military front lines of Taliban, their military centers, houses of innocent civilian people, villages, wedding and even funeral processions were indiscriminately and brutally bombed. Haqqani Sahib was targeted in blind bombing in the military front lines and then at his home in ‘Wazir Akbar Khan’ residential area in the heart of Kabul.
When Kabul was being evacuated by Taliban, Haqqani Sahib performed marvelously in withdrawing the Taliban as well as other foreign Mujahidin, so that they could reach to other safer areas for sustaining the resistance against the foreign invading forces.
When Haqqani Sahib left Kabul:
After leaving Kabul, Haqqani Sahib was once again brought under sever bombardment on his way to Gardez city, the center of Paktia province. Similarly his house inside Gardez city was bombed. When Haqqani Sahib reached Khost province, he was heavily bombed for the fourth time inside the house of Haji Sirajuddin, a local chieftain, in ‘Zani Khail’ area of ‘Nadar Shah Kot’ district. Though Haqqani Sahib was badly wounded, but his determination was strong. Being under the treatment, he used to guide and direct his Mujahidin about their Jihadi responsibilities. When he recovered from his injuries, he once again took the direct command of his heroic Mujahidin to courageously fight against the savage foreign invaders as well as their internal mercenaries. He re-organized his Mujahidin both explicitly and implicitly. It is worth-reminding that in the beginning of the illegitimate foreign invasion, the following chances were offered to Haqqani Sahib by Americans through their diplomats in different channels:
Distance yourself from Taliban and you will be handed over the defense ministry, as you should never evacuate your Mujahidin from Kabul, or you will be given the control of all south eastern provinces.
But Haqqani Sahib strongly rejected all these suggestions; rather he rejuvenated both his determination and his Mujahidin for the next phase of Jihad against the new foreign invaders. He said that he would never quit the Jihadi front until the withdrawal of the last single American soldier from our country; the restoration of Islamic system of life and the complete independence of our homeland.
Due to this bold and courageous stance of Haqqani Sahib, he was black listed by the Americans by announcing a huge amount of cash as a reward for his head.
In the interim period of Karzai, Haqqani Sahib was once again contacted by him through his own tribesmen by offering him peace and reconciliation. Even this time, Haqqani Sahib rejected Hamid Karzai’s offer by reiterating his previous bold and courageous stance.
Since the contacts between the honorable leadership of the Islamic Emirate and other high ranking workers were quite difficult due to the prevailing circumstances, therefore some self-interested people used to visit Haqqani Sahib to declare his separate and independent leadership. But Haqqani Sahib rejected and declined all these vicious proposals by saying that:
- The honorable Amir-ul-Mominin (may his soul rest in peace) is alive.
- He has not committed any explicit sin or crime worth of his dismissal.
- Neither has he resigned nor is he sacked.
In all the above cases, there is no need for any new leader, therefore, I clearly announce that our oath of allegiance with ‘Amir-ul-Mominin’ (i.e. head of the pious people) is still valid. And I would like to advise you to absolutely refrain from such rumors and steps.
When the administrative and military setup of the Islamic Emirate was re-organized, Haqqani Sahib was appointed as a member of the leading council by the honorable leadership of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Since the Jihadi actives were spreading day by day which required quick and proper attention, therefore, Haqqani Sahib appointed his second son ‘Al-Haj Khalifa Sirajuddin Haqqani (may Almighty Allah protect him) as his deputy, so that all necessary tasks of Mujahidin are not delayed unnecessarily.
Martyrdom of his family members and his expressions:
Tens of Haqqani Sahib’s family members were martyred during both the previous Soviet invasion and the present crusade invasion of our beloved homeland. In the following some of the very close relatives of Haqqani Sahib are mentioned who sacrificed their lives for the sake of their creed and country:
Ismael Zabih (his brother)
Dr. Nasir-ul-Haq Haqqani (his son)
Hafiz Badruddin Haqqani (his son)
Hafiz Mohammad Haqqani (his son) and
Umar Haqqani (his son)
Everytime Haqqani Sahib was informed about the martyrdom of some family member, he used to praise Almighty Allah by offering his gratitude to Him. He used to say that this was neither the first sacrifice from our family, nor would it be the last one.
He used to say that martyrdom is one of those lofty stations which is bestowed by Almighty Allah upon His most favorite people. And in my case, it would be a special benevolence of Almighty Allah for my family. I am proud of the acceptance of our family members as Mujahidin and martyrs in the path of Allah for serving the lofty cause of Jihad.
The announcement of Haqqani Sahib’s departure:
The great and prominent Mujahid, Moulavi Jalaluddin Haqqani (may his soul rest in peace) had become weak and ill due to his growing age and rendering unforgettable and indefatigable efforts and services in educational and Jihadi fields. His illness continued for some years resulting in his departure from this mortal world.
انا لله وانا اليه راجعون
We pray to Almighty Allah that all Jihadi, educational and social services rendered by Haqqani Sahib are accepted and rewarded for his forgiveness in the world hereafter. We pray that all his wishes and desires about the restoration of Islamic system in our country and its independence are eventually fulfilled by his ideological companions and successors.